Gravimetric Weighing Feeding
Loss-in-weight Dosing
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Loss-in-weight Dosing

Gravimetric Weight Feeding and Batching System


Work Principle of Gravimetric Feeding

For a type gravimetric feeding system, the measuring hopper is mounted on a platform scale (frame structure equipped with precision sensors). When the feeder is running, the motor drives the feeding screw, vibrator, or pump to move. At the same time, the material in the measuring hopper flows out. By reducing the weight in the unit time, obtain the actual feeding amount, compare it with the set feeding amount to get the error value, and then adjust the speed of the feeding motor through the PID closed-loop control algorithm to achieve the precise feeding requirements. This process ensures an accurate feeding or dosing during the production process. The general purpose of Loss in Weight feed system is to accurately weigh and control the output of variable products either, continuously or as a batch.

In loss-in-weight feeding, the entire feeder, hopper and material are continuously weighed. As the feeder discharges material, the rate of decline in system weight is computed, and feeder speed is adjusted to maintain the desired (set) rate.

Benefits of Loss-in-weight Feeder

Typical loss–in-weight feeders are used to negate the use of weigh hoppers and to eliminate the impact of material. This system is particularly useful when the product to be weighed is sticky and does not have good flow properties.

A. Improve measurement accuracy

B. Reduce premixing workload

C. Improve product stability

D. Reduce dust pollution and be more environmentally friendly.

E. Improve work and production efficiency.



Some Knowledges of Gravimetric Feeding System

High Precision – In practice, with today’s advanced weighing and control technologies, reliably high performance accuracy is realized for the significant demands placed on weighing and control operations in loss-in-weight feeding.


Wide Material Range – Loss-in-weight feeding systems are available for the complete range of rates encountered in plastics compounding and extrusion operations.


Material Batching - Any feeding device suitable to the process material can be employed (e.g., screw, auger, vibrating tray, etc.). Even liquids whose specific gravity varies can be gravimetrically controlled by substituting the hopper/feeder with a holding tank and pump or control valve. 


Material Containment - Loss-in-weight feeders readily lend themselves to complete material containment where dusting or safety/toxicity concerns apply.


Tare – Under the loss-in-weight principle, moment-to-moment differences in weight matter, not absolute weight. Thus, for the purpose of feed rate control, tare becomes irrelevant.


Precise Weighing – Considering the fact that loss-in-weight feeding involves the accurate detection of small, moment-to-moment changes in system weight while simultaneously weighing a relatively massive feeding system, the demands on the weighing system are substantial.

Such measurement requires the highest possible levels of resolution, linearity and stability along with sophisticated filtering and signal processing to extract meaningful weight data from spurious disturbances such as jostling or ambient vibration in the process environment. 


Isolation – Loss-in-weight feeders must be effectively isolated from their environment for accurate weighing. Flexible supply and discharge connections typically suffice for process connections, and appropriate measures may be needed at installation to assure that in-plant vibration is not transmitted to the feeder through its mounts.


Material Refill - Periodic hopper replenishment is required. During this intentionally brief phase, whether accomplished manually or by an automated system, weight measurement is unavailable due to the inflow of material, temporarily preventing true gravimetric control. For materials whose density does not increase appreciably with increasing headload (such as pellets, for example), feeder speed can be held constant throughout refill.

Or, for variable-density powders, granules and the like, feeder speed may be automatically reduced to gradually slow feeder speed during refill, accurately compensating for the effect of increasing headload-related material compaction. (Related info)


Physical Size - Unlike the other two operating principles presented below, the physical size and installation footprint of loss-in-weight feeding systems roughly corresponds to its feed rate range. This makes for a relatively small and compact feeder when handling additives, a major benefit where space is at a premium such as when clustering units over an extruder inlet.

However, physical size may become a concern for higher rate installations. High-rate feeders tend to be large, require a correspondingly large installation footprint, and may also require a significant support structure.

Because of its high accuracy, various flexibility and ease of material containment, combined with enabling advances in weighing and control, loss-in-weight feeding has matured to become the dominant approach to gravimetric flow rate control since its introduction.



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